Electronic Warfare and Artificial Intelligence

Sfetcu, Nicolae (2024), Electronic Warfare and Artificial Intelligence, MultiMedia Publishing, ISBN 978-606-033-844-4, DOI: 10.58679/MM14430, https://www.telework.ro/en/e-books/electronic-warfare-and-artificial-intelligence/   Electronic warfare is a critical component of modern military operations and has undergone significant advances in recent years. This book provides an overview of … Read More

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Artificial Intelligence in Intelligence Agencies, Defense and National Security

This book explores the use of artificial intelligence by intelligence services around the world and its critical role in intelligence analysis, defense, and national security. Intelligence services play a crucial role in national security, and the adoption of artificial intelligence … Read More

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Poker World

Introduction in poker: online poker, rules, hands, strategy, cheating, casino, tournaments, poker jargon, equipment, gambling, resources. Poker is a microcosm of all we admire and disdain about capitalism and democracy. It can be rough-hewn or polished, warm or cold, charitable … Read More

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Fish & Fishing

Fish & FishingA detailed guide of everything you want and need to know about fish.

A fish is a water-dwelling vertebrate with gills that doesn”t change form, as amphibians do, during its life. Most are cold-blooded, though some (such as some species of tuna and shark) are warm-blooded. There are over 29,000 species of fish, making them the most diverse group of vertebrates. Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. Fishing is a very ancient practice that dates back at least to the Mesolithic period which began about 10,000 years ago.
Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. By extension, the term fishing is also applied to hunting for other aquatic animals such as various types of shellfish as well as squid, octopus, turtles, frogs and some edible marine invertebrates. Fish as a food describes the edible parts of water-dwelling, cold-blooded vertebrates with gills, as well as certain other water-dwelling animals such as mollusks, crustaceans, and shellfish. An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium, usually contained in a clear-sided container (typically constructed of glass or high-strength plastic) in which water-dwelling plants and animals (usually fish, and sometimes invertebrates, as well as amphibians, marine mammals, and reptiles) are kept in captivity, often for public display; or it is an establishment featuring such displays. A detailed guide of everything you want and need to know about fish.

CONTENTS:

Fish
– Classification
– Fish anatomy
– – Digestive system
– – Respiratory system
– – Circulatory system
– – Excretory system
– – Sensory and nervous system
– – Muscular system
– – Fish locomotion
– – Reproductive system
– – Immune system
– Evolution
– Fish disease
– See also
– Note on usage: “fish” vs. “fishes”
– References
Ichthyology
– Contents
– History
– – Pre-historical Era
– – Judeo-Christian Era
– – Mediterranean Era
– – European Renaissance Era
– – Exploration and Colonization Era
– – Modern Era
– Modern Publications
– Organizations
– Notable ichthyologists
– See also
– References
Electric fish
– Contents
– Strongly and weakly electric fish
– Table of electric fish
– References
Fishing
– Contents
– Fishing in antiquity
– – Origins
– – Ancient representations
– – Ancient literature
– Fishing techniques
– – Hand fishing
– – Spear and bow fishing
– – Fishing nets
– – Dredging
– – Fishing lines
– – Kite fishing
– – Ice fishing
– – Fish traps
– – Lobster and crab pots
– – Trained animals
– – Toxins
– – Explosives
– – Electrofishing
– Modern fishing
– – Recreational fishing
– – Commercial fishing
– Preservation
– Fish products
– – Food
– – Live fish
– – Other products
– Cultural references
– References
Fisherman
– See also
Fishing industry
– See also
Fish market
– Contents
– History and development
– Notable fish markets
– – Operative markets
– – Historical markets
Whaling
– Contents
– History of whaling
– – Iceland
– – Japan
– – United States
– Modern whaling
– – Canadian whaling
– – Caribbean whaling
– – Faroe Islands
– – Greenlandic whaling
– – Iceland
– – Indonesian whaling
– – Japan
– – Norway
– – Russian whaling
– – United States whaling
– – Bycatch and illegal trade
– The arguments for and against whaling
– – Conservation status
– – Method of killing
– – The economic argument
– – Intelligence
– – Safety of eating whale meat
– – Fishing
– References
– – General references
– – – Books
Recreational fishing
– Contents
– – Introduction
– – Fishing techniques for fresh waters in temperate climes
– – Responsible use of bait fish
– – A brief note on saltwater fishing
– – Preparing roe as a bait
– – Catch and release
– – Criticism
– See also
Edible fish
– Contents
– Common food fish
– Preserving fish for market
– Preparation for consumption
– Is fish meat?
– Footnotes
Fishkeeping
– Contents
– Types of fishkeeping
– The origins of fishkeeping
– Modern fishkeeping
– The Fishkeeping Industry
– Fish breeding
– Conservation and science
– Animal Welfare
– Controversy
– Invasive Species
– Further reading
– See also
Aquaria
– Contents
– History and development
– – Etymology
– – Ancient practices
– – Glass enclosures
– – Popularization
– Function and design
– – Design
– – Classifications
– – – Water conditions
– – – Secondary water characteristics
– – – Size
– – Species selection
– – – Species selection for saltwater aquaria
– – Source of aquarium inhabitants
– Ecology
– – Nitrogen cycle
– – Other nutrient cycles
– – Biological loading
– Public aquaria
– See also
Airstone
Alternanthera
– Available species
– See also
Aquarium furniture
– See also
Aquascaping
Community tank
– Good community fish
– Water chemistry
Dolphinarium
– Contents
– History
– Design
– Species
– – Trade and capture
– Animal welfare
– See also
– References
Marine mammal park
– Contents
– History
– Criticism and animal welfare
– Books
– See also
Substrate
– Contents
– Substrates for freshwater aquaria
– – Freshwater aquaria with live plants
– Substrates for saltwater aquaria
– Substrates for specialty tanks
– Biological filtration via substrate
– References
Tropical fish
– See also
Wet dry filter
Barbs
– Contents
– Reclassification of Barbs
– Species
– References
Barbonymus
Puntius
– Contents
– In the aquarium
– – Common aquarium species
– Species
– – P. cochonius sub group
– References
Carp
– Contents
– Controversy
– Types of carp
– In Legend
Goldfish
– Contents
– History
– Varieties of domesticated goldfish
– – Chinese Goldfish classification
– Goldfish in ponds
– Goldfish in aquaria
– Feeding
– Behavior
– Native environment
– Breeding
– Mosquito control
– Edibility and cruelty
– See also
– Notes
– References
Catfishes
– Contents
– Physical characteristics
– – Size
– Family
– Southern tradition
– Trivia
– Other catfish
– References
Characidae
– Related Families
– References
Tetras
– Footnotes
Cichlidae
– Contents
– Characteristics of cichlids
– Range
– Diet
– Reproduction
– Endangered cichlids
– Hybrid cichlids
– Cichlids as aquarium fish
– Genera
– References
– Further reading
Jewel cichlid
– Species
– Aquarium care
– References
Labeotropheus
– Species
– In the aquarium
– References
Sciaenochromis
– Species
– In the aquarium
Steatocranus
– Species
Corydoras
– In the aquarium
– References
Danios
– Contents
– Common names given to Danionin species
– Species, listed in order of scientific name, categorised by genus
– – Danios
– – Devarios
– – Little known Devarios
– – Tanichthys
– – Esomus
– – Chela
– – Parachela
– – Inlecypris
– – Other Danionin genera
– – – Danionella
– – – Microrasbora
– – – Sundadanio
– Danionins renamed or wrongly identified
– See also
Gobiidae
– Contents
– Mudskippers
– Symbiosis
– In aquaria
– See also
– References
Osphronemidae
– Contents
– Species
– References
Poecilia
– Live-bearing
Poecilia sphenops
Acanthemblemaria spinosa
Altolamprologus
– Contents
– Altolamprologus calvus
– Altolamprologus compressiceps
– In the aquarium
– References
Bala shark
– Contents
– General Overview
– Tank preferences
– Native habitat
Brine shrimp
Bubble nest
– Contents
– Species which build Bubblenests
– Construction of Bubblenests
– Bubblenests and Breeding
– Triggers of Bubblenest Construction
– See also
Daphnia
– Contents
– Biology
– Reproduction
– Lifespan
– Uses
– Ecology
Deep sand bed
Fish anatomy
– Contents
– Body
– Fins
– Scales
– Internal organs
Fish diseases
– Contents
– Prevention
– Fish disease etiology
– Fish disease by affected organ system
– Fish Disease treatment
– – Basics
– – – Hospital Tank
– – – Baths
– – – – Salt bath
– – – Heat Therapy
– – – Medications
– – Treatment Options
– – Example drugs used in Fish treatment
– Complications
– References
Gobiosoma multifasciatum
– Contents
– Description
– In the aquarium
– Conservation status
– Reproduction
Ichthyology terms
List of freshwater aquarium fish species
– See also
List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species
– Shrimp
– Crayfish
– Snails
List of freshwater aquarium plant species
– Contents
– Introduction
– Fake or pseudo-aquarium plants
– Listed alphabetically by scientific name
– See also
List of marine aquarium fish species
– Contents
– Angelfish
– Anthias
– Bass
– Basslets
– Batfish
– Blennies
– Boxfish
– Butterflyfish
– Cardinalfish
– Chromis
– Clownfish
– Damsels
– Dottybacks
– Dragonets
– Eels
– Filefish
– Foxface
– Gobies
– Groupers
– Hawkfish
– Hogfish
– Jawfish
– Lionfish
– Pipefish
– Pufferfish
– Pseudochromis
– Rabbitfish
– Rays
– Seahorse
– Squirrelfish
– Tangs
– Tilefish
– Triggerfish
– Wrasse
Live rock
– Purpose of Live Rock
Marine aquarium
– Contents
– Marine fishkeeping history
– Modern fishkeeping
– – Marine Aquarium Components
– – Live rock
– – Filtration
– – Lighting
– – Heating
– – Water testing
– – Water changes
– Conservation
– – Commercial front
– References and further reading
Painted fish
– Contents
– Methods
– Varieties
– – Some commonly painted species
– Health hazards to painted fish
– Efforts to stop fish painting
– References
Protein skimmer
– Contents
– Function
– Design
– – Air stone
– – Downdraft
– – Venturi
– – Needlewheel
– – Spray Induction
– – Beckett
– References
Reef aquarium
– Contents
– Methodology
– – The aquarium
– – Filtration
– – [edit] Water movement
– – Lighting
– – Heating & cooling
Saddleback clownfish
– Contents
– Appearance
– Habitat
– Diet
Taxonomic classes
– Classes of Chordata
– Taxonomy & Phylogeny
Agnatha
– Fossil agnathans
Hagfish
– Species
– References
Lamprey
– Contents
– Physical description
– Fossil lampreys
– Taxonomy
– Relation to humans
– Trivia
– – Vedius Pollio
– – Philip Larkin
– – King Henry I
– Notes
– References
Gnathostomata
– Taxonomy & Phylogeny
Cartilaginous fishes
– Characteristics
– Taxonomy
Bony fish
– Contents
– Characteristics
– – Replacement bone
– Examples
Ray-finned fish
– Classification
– Notes
Acipenseriformes
– Systematics
– – Acipenseriformes
– References
Albuliformes
– Contents
– Description
– – Albula
– – Pterothrissus
– Species
– References
Amiiformes
– References
Anguilliformes
– Contents
– Biology
– – Description
– – Life cycle
– Classification
– Suborders and families
– Use by humans
– Other Information
Ateleopodiformes
– Species
– References
Atheriniformes
– Reference
Aulopiformes
– Families
– References
Batrachoidiformes
– Reference
Beloniformes
– Reference
Beryciformes
– Classification
Cetomimiformes
– Families
Characiformes
Clupeiformes
Cypriniformes
– References
Cyprinodontiformes
Elopiformes
– References
Esociformes
– Pikes
– Mudminnows
Gadiformes
– Reference
Gasterosteiformes
– Classification
– References
Gobiesociformes
– Classification
– Species
– References
Gonorynchiformes
Gymnotiformes
– See also
Hiodontiformes
Lampriformes
– References
Lepisosteiformes
– Gar in aquaria
– Gar diversity
Lophiiformes
– Contents
– Predation
– Reproduction
– Consumption
– References
Mugiliformes
– List of Species
– Reference
Myctophiformes
– References
Notacanthiformes
– References
Ophidiiformes
– References
Osmeriformes
– Classification
– References
Osteoglossiformes
Perciformes
– Families
– References
Percopsiformes
– Families
Pleuronectiformes
– See also
Polymixiiformes
– Classification
– References
Polypteriformes
– Species
– References
Saccopharyngiformes
– Classification
– Diet
Salmoniformes
– References
Scorpaeniformes
– Classification
– Notes and references
Stephanoberyciformes
– References
Stomiiformes
– Contents
– Distribution and morphology
– Luminescence
– Daily migration
– Reproduction
– Classification
– References
Synbranchiformes
Syngnathiformes
– Classification
– References
Tetraodontiformes
– Physical characteristics
– Families
Zeiformes
– References
Lobe-finned fish
– Taxonomy and Phylogeny
– Evolution of Sarcopterygii
– See also
Lungfish
– Contents
– Anatomy
– Behavior
– Taxonomy
– References
Prehistoric fish
– Contents
– – Jawless fish
– – Cartilaginous fish
– – Sharks, acanthodians and placoderms
– – Primitive ray-finned fish
– – Modern ray-finned fish
– – Fleshy-lobed fish
– References
Acanthodii
– References
Placoderms
– References
License
GNU Free Documentation License
– GNU Free Documentation License
Index
– Fish & Fishing
About the author
– Nicolae Sfetcu
– – Contact
Publishing House
– MultiMedia Publishing

Fish and Fishing

About Dogs

About DogsDog anatomy, breeding, breeds, equipment, health, law, monuments, organizations, related professions and professionals, shows and showing, sports, training and behavior, types, working dogs. Dogs in popular culture, famous dogs, fictional dogs, films.

The dog is a canine mammal of the Order Carnivora. Dogs were first domesticated from wolves at least 12,000 years ago but perhaps as long as 150,000 years ago based on recent genetic fossil evidence and DNA evidence. In this time, the dog has developed into hundreds of breeds with a great degree of variation. This guide details the dog anatomy, breeding, breeds, equipment, health, law, monuments, organizations, related professions and professionals, shows and showing, dog sports, training and behavior, dog types, working dogs, as well as dogs in popular culture, famous dogs, fictional dogs, films about dogs, dogs as pets, and many other related aspects.

CONTENTS:

Breed True
Canid Hybrid
– Canid interfertility
– Wolf-dogs
– Dox
– Coy-dog
– Coy-Dingo
– Dingo hybrids
– Dogote
– Coy-wolf
– Jackal hybrids
Coydog
Cynology
Kennel
Landrace
– Landrace dogs
Pack
– Alpha animals
– Establishing rank
– Creating new packs
Dog Park
– Problems with off-leash dog parks
– Benefits of off-leash dog parks
Dog Anatomy
– Physical characteristics
– Dog coats
– – Color
– – Pattern
– – Texture
– Parts of the body
– – Ears
– – Tails
– Puppy Characteristics
– Temperature Regulation
Coat
– Show dogs
– Colours and patterns
– – Colour names
– – Patterns
– Miscellaneous
Cording
Debarking
Dewclaw
– Dogs
Docking
– History of docking and cropping
– Current status
– – Legal status by country
– Legality in the UK
– Arguments against docking dogs’ tails
– Docking in agriculture
Marcel
Merle
Natural Bobtail
– Animal species with a natural bobtail:
– – Domesticated breeds with a natural bobtail:
– – Breeds in which bobtails are known to occur:
– – Wild species with natural bobtails:
Piebald
Snout
– Dog’s muzzle
Withers
Dog Breeding
– Future of Breeding
Backyard Breeder
Breed Club
– Affiliation or independence?
Breed Registry
– Types of registry
– Crossbreeding and backbreeding
– Registered names
Breed Standard
– General
– Inconsistency of breed standards
– – Format
– – Nomenclature
– – Faults versus variants
– – Different countries, different standards, different interpretations
– Conclusion
Crossbreed
– Names of crossbreeds in specific animals
– – Dogs and cats
Dog Hybrids and Crossbreeds
– Casual crossbreeds
– References
Fault
– Whose fault is it? Interpretation of the standards
– Working dogs
Pedigree
Puppy Mills
Purebreds
– Purebred dogs
Selective Breeding
– Selective Breeding Methods
– – Closed vs. open studbook
– – Crossbreeding and backbreeding
– Purebred Cats, Dogs and the Debate over ‘Breed Purity’
– Purebreds
Snuppy
– Notes
Stud Master
Dog Breeds
List of Dog Breeds
– Breed categories
– Dog breed list
List of Dog Breeds by Country
– Australia
– Brazil
– Canada
– China
– Czech Republic
– Denmark
– Finland
– France
– Germany
– Hungary
– Iceland
– India
– Ireland
– Japan
– Korea
– Mexico
– Norway
– South Africa
– Spain
– Sweden
– Thailand
– Turkey
– United Kingdom
– United States
– Zimbabwe
Extinct Dog Breeds
Alaunt
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History of the Breed
– Modern Relatives
Black and Tan Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Blue Paul Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Appearance
– History
– Breeding
– Further reading
Cordoba Fighting Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– History
English White Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Silvio
– – Silvios’ Measurements
– – Area
– – Inches
– – Judging
– – Scale For Judging White English Terriers
– – Area
– – Value
– History
– Leighton
Molossus
– Country of origin
– Controversy
Old English Bulldog
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Reincarnations
– – Wilkinson Bulldog
– – Olde English Bulldogge
– English Bulldog
– Books
St. John’s Water Dog
– Country of origin
Talbot
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Ancient Dog Breeds
– The fourteen ancient breeds
– Controversy
Dog Breeds – A
Affenpinscher
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Afghan Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Africanis
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– References
Aidi
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Airedale Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Tail
– – Mouth
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Akbash Dog
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Akita Inu
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Edo Period
– – Before World War II
– – The War and the Aftermath
– Miscellaneous
– References
Alano Espanol
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Miscellaneous
– Books
Alaskan Klee Kai
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– UKC:
– History
Alaskan Malamute
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Characteristics
– Temperament and behavior
– Health
– History
Alaskan Husky
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Future of the husky
Alpine Dachsbracke
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
American Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Confusion with other breeds
– Temperament
– History
– – Today
– Housebreaking
– Miscellaneous
– Further reading
– See also
American Cocker Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Famous Cockers
American Eskimo Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Grooming
– – Breed-specific rescue
American Foxhound
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Exercise
American Hairless Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
American Mastiff
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
American Pit Bull Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Confusion among Pit Bull breeds
– Temperament and/or characteristics
– History
– Famous APBTs
American Staffordshire Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
American Staghound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
American Water Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
– Health
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Famous Anatolian Shepherd Dogs
Appenzeller Sennenhund
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Argentine Dogo
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance (UKC)
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Working
– – Fighting
– – Movies
Artois Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Australian Bulldog
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Further reading
Australian Cattle Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Australian Cattle Dog activities
– – Australian Cattle Dogs in movies
Australian Kelpie
– Australian Kelpie
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Breed standards
– Gallery
Australian Shepherd
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Recent history
Australian Silky Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Australian Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Azawakh
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Dog Breeds – B
Bandog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– – Current breeding
– – Future
– Miscellaneous
– – Pit dog
– – Guard dog
Barbet
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Basenji
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Basset Hound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Care
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Bassets
– – – Cartoon characters
– – – Films and TV
– – – In advertising
Bavarian Mountain Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Beagle
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Breed varieties
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Working life
– Miscellaneous
– – Beagles in popular culture
– – Famous beagles
Bearded Collie
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– – Working life
Beauceron
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Working life
Bedlington Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Belgian Shepherd Dog
– Appearance
– Temperament
– – Ownership
– Health
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervueren)
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– See also
Bergamasco
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Berger Blanc Suisse
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Bernese Mountain Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Grooming
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Bichon Frise
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Biewer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– – Breed recognition
Black Russian Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Black and Tan Coonhound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Bloodhound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Scenting ability
Bluetick Coonhound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Appearance
– Miscellaneous
Boerboel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Citations
Border Collie
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Breed standards
– Miscellaneous
– – Dog activities and sports
– – Famous Border Collies
Border Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Borderjack
Borzoi
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
Bosnian Tornjak
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Boston Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Bouvier des Flandres
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Health
– Famous Bouvier des Flandres
Boxer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Uses
Boykin Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
Brazilian Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Briard
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Famous Briards
Brittany
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Training, method of work
Bull Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Bull Terriers
– See also
Bull Terrier (Miniature)
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Bull and Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– – Dog fighting
– – Progenitor
– Famous Bull and Terriers
– – Billy
– – Dustman
– – Trusty
– References
Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Bulldogs in the Arts
– – Quotes
– – Mascots
Bullmastiff
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Size
– – Colour
– History
– – Working life
– – Dog attacks
Bully Kutta
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Notes
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Pictures
Dog Breeds – C
Cairn Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Canaan Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Measurements
– Temperament
– History
– – Canaan Dogs in the U.S.
Canadian Eskimo Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Cane Corso
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Catahoula Leopard Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– References
Catalan Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
Caucasian Ovcharka
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Modern times
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– – Mitral Valve Disease
– – Syringomyelia
– – Luxating patella
– – Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
– Miscellaneous
– – Puppy Mills
– – Famous Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
Cesky Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Exercise
– Health
Chart Polski
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Training
Chihuahua
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Miscellaneous
– – “Teacup” and “Deer-faced” Chihuahuas
– – Famous Chihuahuas
Chinese Crested Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Famous Chinese Crested dogs
– Miscellaneous
Chinook
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Working Life
– Miscellaneous
Chippiparai
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Chow Chow
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Clumber Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Cockapoo
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Cocker Spaniel
Collie
– Famous Collies
Coton de Tulear
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Curly Coated Retriever
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– – Height and Weight
– Care and Maintenance
– – Coat
– – Feeding
– – Exercise
– Health
– – Life expectancy
– – Known medical issues
– Temperament
Dog Breeds – D
Dachshund
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Symbol of Germany
– – Dachshund Racing
Dalmatian
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Reputation
– Origins
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Deerhound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Dobermann
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Color
– – Tails
– – Ears
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Famous Dobies
Dogue de Bordeaux
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Miscellaneous
Drentse Patrijshond
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Character
Dog Breeds – E
English Cocker Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Colour
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Working Cockers
– See also
English Foxhound
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Exercise
English Mastiff
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
English Pointer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
English Setter
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
English Shepherd
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Working Life
English Springer Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Famous Spaniels
– See also
English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– – Facing Extinction
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Estrela Mountain Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– References
Eurasier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– References
Eurohound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Dog Breeds – F
Field Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Fila Brasileiro
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– Temperament
– History
Finnish Lapphund
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Finnish Spitz
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – General appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– – – Pigmentation
– – Height and weight
– Temperament
– Health
Flat-Coated Retriever
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– Temperament
– History
Fox Terrier
– Origin
– Development of the Fox Terrier around the world
– Famous Fox Terriers
– – Wire-haired
– – Smooth-haired
– See also
– References
Fox Terrier (Smooth)
– Alternative names
– Common nicknames
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Fox Terrier (Wire)
– Alternative names
– Common nickname
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Foxhound
Francais Blanc et Noir
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
French Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Books
Dog Breeds – G
Galgo Espanol
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
German Shepherd Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Common faults
– – Breed lines
– – Variant sizes and coats
– Temperament
– – Temperament Differences Among Lines
– Health
– History
– Working German Shepherd Dogs
– – Shepherding
– Miscellaneous
– – Breed names
– – Breed Name History
– – Famous Shepherds
German Shorthaired Pointer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– – Care
– History
– Miscellaneous
– References
German Spitz
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Types
– Appearance
– History
German Wirehaired Pointer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Giant Schnauzer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– References
Glen of Imaal Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Golden Retriever
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– Temperament
– History
– Rescue efforts
– Famous Golden Retrievers
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Grand Bleu de Gascogne
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Grand Griffon Vendeen
Great Dane
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Danes
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – All-breed club recognition
Greenland Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
Greyhound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Welfare
– Veterinary Care
– Miscellaneous
– – In the media
– – Anatomy
– – Sports
– References
Griffon Bruxellois
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Head
– – Coat
– – Colour
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Dog Breeds – H
Hamiltonstovare
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Hanover Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Harrier
– Country of origin
– Classification
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Exercise
Havanese
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Colour
– – Coat
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Havanese at work
– Care
– Miscellaneous
– – Buyer beware
Hollandse Herder
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Health
Hovawart
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Hungarian Vizsla
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Dog Breeds – I
Ibizan Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Icelandic Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Miscellaneous
Irish Bull Terrier
– See also
Irish Red and White Setter
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Irish Setter
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Famous Setters
Irish Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Irish Water Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Irish Wolfhound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Famous Wolfhounds
Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– References
Italian Greyhound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Activities
Dog Breeds – J
Jack Russell Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – Breed development
– – Breed controversies
– Miscellaneous
– – Jack Russells on screen
– See also
Jagdterrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Japanese Chin
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Care
– History
Japanese Spitz
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
Japanese Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Jonangi
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Dog Breeds – K
Kangal Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Colour and Coat
– – Split-Lump Controversy
– Temperament
– – Temperament controversy
– History
– – The Kangal in Turkey
– – The Kangal internationally
Kanni
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Karelian Bear Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Keeshond
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Color
– Temperament
– – Training
– Health
– Grooming
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Breed pronunciation
– – Colored Keeshonden
Kerry Blue Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Grooming
– Temperament
– See also
King Charles Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
Komondor
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– History
– Temperament
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Kooikerhondje
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Koolie
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Herding technique
Korea Jindo Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Other characteristics
– – Availability
Kuvasz
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Dog Breeds – L
Labradoodle
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Labrador Retriever
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament and activities
– Health
– Miscellaneous
– – Puppy mills and dog theft
– – Labrador variants
– – Famous Labs
– References
Lagotto Romagnolo
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
Lakeland Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Famous Lakelands
Lancashire Heeler
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Landseer
– Landseer (Continental-European type)
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– FCI:
– Miscellaneous
Large Munsterlander
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Leonberger
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Temperament
– History
Lhasa Apso
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Lowchen
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Dog Breeds – M
Mackenzie River Husky
Maltese
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Care
– Health
– History
– References
Manchester Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Maremma Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Original use
McNab
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Notes
– Appearance
– Characteristics
– History
Mexican Hairless Dog
– Alternative names
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Miniature Australian Shepherd
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Miniature Fox Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – History of the breed club
– – The Miniature Fox Terrier today
– References
Miniature Pinscher
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– – Socialization
– Care
– History
Miniature Schnauzer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Health
Mioritic
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Mountain Cur
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Trivia
Mudi
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Mudhol Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Munsterlander
Dog Breeds – N
Neapolitan Mastiff
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperment
– History
– Famous Mastiffs
New Guinea Singing Dog
Newfoundland
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Norrbottenspets
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Norfolk Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Grooming
– Temperament
– Health
– Exercise
– History
– – Working style
Norwegian Buhund
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Norwegian Elkhound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Description
– Origin and history
– Temperament
– Grooming
Norwegian Lundehund
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
Norwich Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Nova Scotia Duck – Tolling Retriever
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Dog Breeds – O
Old Danish Pointer
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Old English Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Care
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Sheepdogs
Olde English Bulldogge
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Further reading
Otterhound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Dog Breeds – P
Papillon
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Dog Agility
Parson Russell Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Notes
Patterdale Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Pekeapoo
– See also
Pekingese
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Care
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Peke legends
– Famous Pekes
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– See also
Perro de Presa Canario
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Health
– Aggression
Peruvian Hairless Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Care
– Genetics and health
– Miscellaneous
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Care
Phalène
– Alternative names
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Miscellaneous
Pharaoh Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Plott Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
Polish Lowland Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
Polish Scenthound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Pomeranian
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Pomeranians
– References
Pont-Audemer Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Working dogs
– History
Poodle
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Corded Poodle
– Temperament
– Care
– History
– – Use
– Miscellaneous
– – Hybrids
– – Famous Poodles
Poodle Hybrid
– Names for hybrids
– – Name | Mixed with
Portuguese Podengo
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Portuguese Water Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat Types
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– References
Pug
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Noise
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– – References
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Pugs
– – Pugs in the arts
– – Trivia
Puli
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
Pumi
– Pumi
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Notes
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– Activities
– History
– Miscellaneous
Pyrenean Mountain Dog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Temperament
– Miscellaneous
Pyrenean Shepherd
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– Temperament
– Care
– History
Dog Breeds – R
Rafeiro do Alentejo
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Rajapalayam
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Notes
– Appearance
– Future of the breed
Rajyapalam
Rat Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Breed recognition
– Miscellaneous
– References
– See also
– See also
Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Miscellaneous
Red Setter
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Appearance
– Temperament
Redbone Coonhound
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
– Health
– See also
Rhodesian Ridgeback
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– Miscellaneous
Rottweiler
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Rotties
– – Dog attacks
– References
Rough Collie
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– See also
Dog Breeds – S
Saarlooswolfhond
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
Saluki
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Samoyed
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Eyes
– – Ears
– – Tail
– – Coat
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Famous Samoyeds
Sapsali
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– References
Sarplaninac
– Alternative names
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Working Life
Schipperke
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
– Health
Schnauzer
Scottish Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Famous Scotties
Sealyham Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Seppala Siberian Sleddog
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– Characteristics
Serbian Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Serbian Mountain Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Serbian Tricolour Hound
– Yugoslavian Tricolour Hound
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Shar Pei
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Health
– History
– See also
Shetland Sheepdog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– – Eyes
– – Dermatomyocitis (Sheltie Syndrome)
– – Ears
– – Von Willebrand Disease (vWD)
– – Thyroid problems
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Activities
– – Grooming
– Showing Requirements
Shiba Inu
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Health
– References
– Miscellaneous
Shih Tzu
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Care
Shikoku
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Shiloh Shepherd Dog
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Size
– – Coats
– – Colors
– Temperament
– History
– Health
Siberian Husky
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Eyes
– – Ears
– – Coat
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Dogsled racing
– Famous Huskies
Skye Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– – Types
– – Grooming
– Temperament
– Health
– Famous Skyes
Sloughi
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Small Munsterlander
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Smooth Collie
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– References
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
South Russian Ovtcharka
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Spanish Mastiff
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
Spinone Italiano
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– – Height and weight
– Temperament
– Health
– – Life expectancy
– – Known medical issues
– History
– References
– – Books
Springer Spaniel
St. Bernard
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
– – Varieties
– – Temperament
– Miscellaneous
– – Naming
– – Movies
– – Media portrayal
Stabyhoun
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Head
– – Body
– Temperament
– The Working Stabyhoun
– Health
– – Care
– Breeding
– History
– References
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Kennel Club Recognition
– See also
Standard Schnauzer
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– References
Swedish Vallhund
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Dog Breeds – T
Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– UKC:
– Appearance
Tenterfield Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– – Breed Origin
– – Breed Development
– – The Tenterfield Terrier Today
Thai Bangkaew Dog
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Thai Ridgeback
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
– Health
Tibetan Mastiff
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– References
Tibetan Spaniel
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– General Appearance
– Temperament
– History
Tibetan Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– – Coat
– – Colour
– Temperament
– Health
Tosa
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– – Sumo wrestling
– References
Toy Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Classification and breed standards
– Further reading
Toy Fox Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Temperament
– History
– References
Toy Manchester Terrier
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Toy Mi-Ki
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– History
– Miscellaneous
Treeing Walker Coonhound
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
Dog Breeds – U
Utonagan
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– – Breed status and development
– – Containment
– – Wolf hybrids
Dog Breeds – V
Volpino Italiano
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– History
Dog Breeds – W
Welsh Corgi
– Corgis in movies and television
Weimaraner
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Professional training
– History
Welsh Springer Spaniel
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Welsh Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Care
– Health
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous Welsh Terriers
West Highland White Terrier
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Physical health
– History
– Famous Westies
– – Country of origin
– – Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
Wilkinson Bulldog
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– History
– Temperament
– Health
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Classification and breed standards
Dog Breeds – Y
Yorkshire Terrier
– Country of origin
– Common nicknames
– Classification and breed standards
– Appearance
– Temperament
– Health
– History
– Miscellaneous
– Famous Yorkies
Dog Equipment
Animal Muzzle
Clicker
Crate Training
– Housebreaking
– Away from home
– Control at home
– Travel
– Training
– Types of crates
Dog Collar
– Basic collars
– Training collars
Doghouse
Elizabethan Collar
Halter
Dog Harness
– Assistance dog harnesses
– Sled dog harnesses
Leash
Dog Tag
– Identifying information
– Materials
– Effectiveness
Martingale (Fastener)
Microchip Implant
– Uses and benefits
– System of recovery
– Components of a microchip
– Cross-compatibility
– Implant location
– Animal species
– World-wide use
Rug
Dog Sled
Sulky
– Horse sulky
– Dog sulky
Dog Whistle
Famous Dogs
– Dogs famous in their own right
– Pets of famous people
– – Famous pets of Presidents and their wives
– – Famous pets of other famous people
List of U.S. Presidential Pets
Russian Space Dogs
– Training
– Sub-orbital flights
– – Dezik, Tsygan and Lisa
– – Lysa and Ryjik
– – Smelaya and Malyshka
– – Bolik and ZIB
– – Otvazhnaya and Snezhinka
– – Albina and Tsyganka
– – Damka and Krasavka
– Orbital Flights
– – Laika
– – Bars and Lisichka
– – Belka and Strelka
– – Pchelka and Mushka
– – Chernushka
– – Zvezdochka
– – Veterok and Ugolyok
– See also
Dempsey
Hachiko
Laika
– Sputnik 2
– Laika’s voyage
– Controversy
– Laika in Popular Culture
– – Literature
– – Music
– – Cinema and TV
Lassie
– Television
– Films
Fictional Dogs
– Legendary, mythical and fairytale dogs
– Dogs in literature
– Dogs in film
– Dogs on the radio
– Dogs in television
– Dogs in advertising
– Cartoons, animation, puppets
– Dogs in song
– Dogs in video games
– Unsorted fictional dogs
Dog Health
– Diseases and ailments
– – Transferable diseases
– – Genetic ailments
– Parasites
– Poisons
– – Dangerous foods
– – Coprophagia
– Feeding habits and obesity
– – Common household chemicals
– Additional health information
– – Bloat and gastric torsion
– – Vertigo
– – Tobacco smoke
– List of dog diseases and ailments
– – Contagious diseases
– – Parasites
– – Skeletal and muscular disorders
– – Cardiovascular and circulatory
– – Nervous system
– – Eyes
– – Ears
– – Skin
– – Cancers
– – Behavioral
– – Environmental
– – Other Health-related topics
– References
Dog Diseases
– Infectious diseases
– Parasites
– Skeletal and muscular disorders
– Cardiovascular and circulatory
– Nervous system
– Eyes
– Ears
– Skin
– Cancers
– Behavioral
– Environmental
– Endocrine diseases
– Gastrointestinal diseases
– Urinary and reproductive systems
– Poisons and overdoses
Dog Health – B
Bloat
Bordetella
– Scientific classification
– Species
Dog Health – C
Canine Coronavirus
– References
Canine Herpesvirus
Canine Influenza
Canine Parvovirus
– History
– Varieties
– Infection
– Prevention and contamination
– References
Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor
Cerebellar Hypoplasia
Cherry Eye
Congenital Vertebral Anomaly
– Hemivertebrae
– Block vertebrae
– Butterfly vertebrae
– Transitional vertebrae
Coprophagia
– Evolved coprophagia
– – Cures for Animals
– Theories on Dogs
Craniomandibular Osteopathy
Dog Health – D
Dermoid Sinus
Diabetes
– Symptoms
– Treatment
– – Diet
– – Pills
– – Insulin injections
– – Neuropathy in cats
– – Blindness in dogs
– Dosage and regulation
– – Blood sugar guidelines
– – Detecting and avoiding chronic somogyi rebound
– Hypoglycemic episode
Canine Distemper
– Canine distemper virus
– Virus classification
– Infection
– Symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment and prevention
– References
Dog Skin Disorders
Dog Years
– References
Dog Health – E
Ear Mite
– Contagion
– Consequences of infection
Ectropion
– Causes
– Ectropion in dogs
– References
– See also
Elbow Dysplasia
– Causes
– The disease
– Commonly affected breeds
– References
Entire
Entropion
– Causes
– Entropion in dogs
– References
Dog Health – F
Fibrosarcoma
– Pathology
– Fibrosarcoma in dogs and cats
Flea
– Scientific classification
– Families
– Life Cycle
Foxtail (Raceme)
– Source
– Structure
– Mode of Action
– Prevention
– – Control
– – Avoidance
– – Removal
– Treatment
– Folklore
Dog Health – H
Heart Valve Dysplasia
Heartworm
– History of the disease
– – Heartworm in North America
– The parasite
– Course of infestation
– Symptoms of infestation
– Epidemiology
– Testing
– Treatment
– Prevention
– Human health considerations
Hemangiosarcoma
– Hemangiosarcoma in dogs
Hip Dysplasia
– Description
– Causes
– Detection
– Prevention
– Symptoms
– Treatment
Hyperthyroidism
– Causes
– Signs and symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment
– – Surgery
– – Radioiodine
– – Thyrostatics
– Veterinary medicine
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Hypertrophic Osteopathy
– References
Dog Health – I
Infectious Canine Hepatitis
Dog Health – K
Kennel Cough
– Infection
– Symptoms
– Treatment and prevention
Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
– The disease in humans
– The disease in dogs
– – Breeds commonly affected by KCS
– The disease in cats
Dog Health – L
Legg-Calvé-Perthes Syndrome
– Cause
– Signs and symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment
– Incidence
– Prognosis
– Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease in dogs
Leptospirosis
– Causes
– Symptoms
– Complications
– Diagnostics
– Treatment
– Research
Luxating Patella
– References
Lymphoma
– Lymphoma in dogs
– – Commonly affected breeds
– – Classification
– – Symptoms
– – Diagnosis
– – Treatment
– – Prognosis
– Lymphoma in cats
– – Symptoms
– – Treatment and prognosis
– Lymphoma in ferrets
Dog Health – M
Malignant Histiocytosis
Mange
– Demodectic mange
– Sarcoptic mange
– Diagnosis
Masticatory Muscle Myositis
Mastocytoma
– Commonly affected breeds
– Symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment and prognosis
– Mast cell tumors in cats
Megaesophagus
– Breeds Affected
Molera
Dog Health – O
Ocular Melanosis
– References
Osteosarcoma
– Prevalence
– Pathology
– Symptoms
– Causes
– Treatment
– Prognosis
– Canine Osteosarcoma
Dog Health – P
Panosteitis
Parvovirus
Phycomycosis
Protothecosis
Dog Health – R
Rabies
– Virus classification
– Transmission and symptoms
– The virus
– Prevention
– Prevalence
– Recently publicised cases
– – Transmission by animal bites
– – Transmission through organ transplants
– Transport of pet animals between countries
– Rabies and domestic skunks in the United States
Raw Feeding
Dog Health – S
Spaying And Neutering
– Household pets
– Modern Non-surgical Alternatives
– – Injectable
– – Other Methods
– Females (spaying)
– – Terms for the spayed
– Males (neutering)
– – Terms for the neutered
Dog Health – T
Tick
– Families
– Characteristics
– Ticks as disease vectors
– Location
– Facts
– Life cycle
– – Deer (black-legged) tick
– – – Larva
– – – Nymph
– – – Adult
Toxocariasis
– Epidemiology
– Pathophysiology
– Features
– Diagnosis
– Treatment
– Prognosis
– Prevention
Dog Law
Animal Control
Breed-Specific Legislation
– Pros and cons
– Recent developments
Dangerous Dogs Act 1991
Diane Whipple
Dog Licence
– Licencing information worldwide
– Related topics
Pet Passport
Dog Organizations
Kennel Club
Rescue Group
– Adopting through a rescue group
Dogs as Pets
Animal Euthanasia
– Morality Debate
Animal Shelter
Companion Dogs
– Working vs. companion
Dog Adoption
Dog Food
– Homemade diets
– Commercial dog food
– – The making of dog food
– – Contents
– – Special varieties
– – Common brands
Greyhound Adoption
– Background
– Origins of the Greyhound adoption movement
– Care by adoption groups
– – Medical care
– – Living conditions
– – Behavior of adopted greyhounds
Hypoallergenic
– Hypoallergenic pets
Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds
Lap Dog
Rescue Dogs
Dog-Related Professions and Professionals
Dog-Show Judge
– Travelling judges
– Famous judges
Veterinarian
– Regulatory medicine
– Education
– Government
Dog Show
– Judging and winning at dog shows
– – Judging
– – Winning
– Dog shows in the UK
– Championship titles and registered names
– Prestigious dog shows
– History of dog showing
Best of Breed
Champion Dog
– Champion conformation dog
– Championship titles and registered names
Companion Dog Title
Conformation Point
– Common conformation points
Dog Groups
Dog Showmanship
– Equipment
General Specials
Gundog Group
Herding Group
Hound Group
Nonsporting Group
Novelty Show
Scruffts
Show
Show Dogs
– Championship titles and registered names
Working Groups
Dog Sports
List of Dog Sports
List of Protection Sports
Badger-Baiting
– Background
– Drawing the badger
– Entertainment
– Badger Dogs
– Teastas Mor
– Further reading
Bait
– History
– Baiting sports
– See also
– Further reading
– External links
– – Law by Country
Rat-Baiting
– History
– Atmosphere
– Rules
– Rat-catcher
– Technique
– Breeds
– – Billy
– Decline
Bear-Baiting
Bull-Baiting
Hog-Baiting
– Background
Human-Baiting
– Gentleman and the Bull Dog
– Brummy and the Bulldog
– East End Club
– Warning from history
– Further reading
Lion-Baiting
– Antiquity
– – Nero
– – Wallace
– Outrage
– Further reading
Polar Bear-Baiting
– Background
– – First citation
– – Second Citation
– See also
Dog Fighting
– Dog fighting breeds
– Law
– History
– – Japan
– – Pakistan
– – United Kingdom
– Future
List of Dog Fighting Breeds
History of Dog Fighting Breeds
– History
– – Modern History
– Breeding
– Hunting of dangerous game
– Baiting sports
– Old English bulldog
Pit Bull
– Characteristics
– History
– Safety and legal issues
– – Dog bite statistics
– – Urban myths
– – Insurance discrimination
– – Laws
– – Debate
– Dog fights
– Positive press
– Miscellaneous
– – Famous pit bulls
Shar Pei
– Appearance
– Health
– History
Sled Dog
– Sled dog breeds
Mushing
– Equipment
– Type of dog
– Dog team members
Dogsled Racing
Freighting
SnoPeak Siberian Huskies
Yukon Quest
Greyhound Racing
– History
– Greyhound racing today
– Treatment of racing dogs
– – Living Conditions
– – In Australia
– – Medical Care
Canicross
Carting
– Sulky driving
– Dryland mushing
Coursing
Dachshund Racing
Disc Dog
– History
– Ashley Whippet
– Competitions
– Requirements to compete
– Popularity
– Teaching a dog to catch a frisbee
Dog Agility
– Competition basics
– Agility obstacles
– – Contact obstacles
– – Tunnels
– – Jumps
– – Miscellaneous
– Agility scoring and clean runs
– Agility classes
– Fairness among dogs
– History of dog agility
– – History in the United States
– – – USDAA’s influence
– – – AKC
– – – Additional organizations
– – – Continuing changes
– Agility in the United States
– Agility in Canada
– Agility titles and championships
– – National championships
– – International championships
– Training
Dog Racing
Dog Scootering
– Scooter
– Location
– Benefits
– Activities
Drag Hunting
Flyball
Lure Coursing
– Lure course
– Qualifying to compete
– Levels of competition
– Judging
– Sanctioning organizations
– Recommended reading
Musical Canine Freestyle
– History
– Competition
– – Freestyle Heeling
– – Musical Freestyle
– – Freestyle in the UK
– Freestyle for fun
Pulka
Schutzhund
– Traits of Schutzhund dogs
– History
– Description
– Training
– Organizations
– Schutzhund and society
Sheepdog Trial
– History
– Event types
– Popular media
Skijoring
Tracking
Weight Pulling
Wiener Nationals
Dog Training
– Basic training
– – Age for early training
– – Basic training classes
– Communicating with the dog
– Reward and punishment
– The command voice
– Training tricks
– Teething
– Specialized training
– – Guard animals
– – Service animals
– See also
Alpha Roll
– History
– Effects
– Contemporary Use
– Alternatives to alpha roll
– References and links
Dog Attack
– Human-dog interactions
– – Human behavior as provocation
– – Child safety
– – Training and aggression
– Breed-specific attacks
– – Specific examples
– – Legal issues
Bark
– Why dogs bark
– Representation
Clicker Training
– Examples
Animal Communication
– Intraspecies vs. interspecies communication
– Interspecies communication
– – Prey to predator
– – Predator to prey
– – Symbiotic species
– – Human/animal communication
– Intraspecies communication
– – Forms of communication
– – Functions of communication
– – Evolution of communication
– Communication and understanding
– Animal communication and human behaviour
– Animal communication and linguistics
Dog Communication
– Dominance and submission
– Body movements
– – Tail
– – Ears
– – Mouth
– – Eyes and eyebrows
– Vocalizations
– – Barks
– – Growls
– – Whines and whimpers
– – Howls
Dog Aggression
– Factors contributing to aggression
– United States
Dog Trainer
Housebreaking
– Common Methods
– Common Mistakes
– Other Problems
Dog Intelligence
– Research
The Intelligence of Dogs
– Methodology
– Criticism
– Ranking of dogs by breed
– – Brightest Dogs
– – Excellent Working Dogs
– – Above Average Working Dogs
– – Average Working/Obedience Intelligence
– – Fair Working/Obedience Intelligence
– – Lowest Degree of Working/Obedience Intelligence
Obedience School
Obedience Training
– History
– Companion obedience
– Basic behavior
– – Leash training
– Specialized common commands
– Competitive obedience
– – Competition obedience exercises
– Obedience for Other Purposes
– Dog Intelligence and Training
Operant Conditioning
– Reinforcement and punishment
Prey Drive
Socialization
– Humans
– – Forms of socialization
– – – Reverse socialization
– – – Developmental socialization
– – – Primary socialization
– – – Anticipatory socialization
– – – Resocialization
– – Agents of Socialization
– – – Total Institutions
– – Products of socialization
– – – Gender Socialization and Gender Roles
– Other animals
– – Feral animals
– – Cats
– – Dogs
Dog Society
– Dominance and submission
– – Dominance behavior
– Behavior when isolated
– Favorite activities
Trophallaxis
Wardog
Dog Types
Bulldog Breeds
– Baiting sports
– Old English Bulldog
– English Bulldog
Hairless Dogs
– Dominant genes
– Recessive genes
Hounds
– Type
– Example
Scent Hound
Coonhound
Sight Hound
– Appearance
– History
– Miscellaneous
– List of sight hounds
Longdog
Lurcher
Treeing
Spaniel
– Breeds
Terrier Group
Terrier
– Terrier types and groups
– Terrier breeds
FCI Terrier Group
Terriers of Scotland
Mixed-Breed Dog
– Terms for mixed-breed dogs
– Appearance
– Health
– Types of mixed breeding
– Mixed breeds in dog sports
– Advantages and drawbacks
Bichon
– History
– Types
– The Modern Bichons
Bird Dog
Cur
Eskimo Dog
Farm Collie
Gun Dog
– Type
– Example
– Training for Pointers and Setters
– Method of Work for Pointers and Setters
Herding Dog
– Herding behavior
– Herding dogs as pets
– Breed list
– See also
– References
Hunting Dog
– Main category
– Subcategory
– Example
Livestock Guardian Dog
Mastiff
Pariah Dog
Pastoral Dog
Pinscher
Pointer
Redbone Hound
– Origin
– Health
Retriever
Setter
Sheep Dog
Spitz
– Origins
– Migrations
– Working Dogs
– Adaptation to the Arctic
– Companions and toys
– List of Spitz-type dog breeds
Toy Group
– Unrecognized dogs
Toy Dog
– What makes a toy breed?
– – Does size matter?
– – Form versus function
– Teacup dogs
– List of toy breeds
Water Dog
Working Dogs
– Definition
– Jobs performed by dogs
– – New Advancements in Water Rescue
– – Rescue and Disaster Dogs
– Working dogs as pets
– Sources and References
Assistance Dog
Guide Dog
– History
– Breeds
– Guide dog training
Hearing Dog
Psychiatric Service Dog
Seizure Alert Dog
Service Dog
Attack Dog
Detection Dog
Guard Dog
Police Dog
– Chasing and holding
– Other law-enforcement uses
Search and Rescue Dog
Therapy Dog
Military Animal
– Transport and hauling
– – Other
– Pigeons & War
– Other specialized functions
– Additional reading
Anti-Tank Dog
License
GNU Free Documentation License
– GNU Free Documentation License
Index
– Dogs
About the author
– Nicolae Sfetcu
– – Contact
Publishing House
– MultiMedia Publishing

About Dogs

About Christmas

About ChristmasChristmas characters and food, Christmas-linked holidays and music, Santa Claus and traditions. Related to Annunciation, Incarnation; Crucifixion; Advent, the four weeks preceding Christmas; and the period between the day after Thanksgiving and the Sunday after New Year”s Day, the American holiday season.

Christmas or Christmas Day is a holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus, the central figure of Christianity. Aspects of celebration may include gift-giving, Christmas trees, display of Nativity sets, church attendance, the Father Christmas/Santa Claus myth, and family gatherings. Users of the Gregorian calendar observe the holiday on December 25. Some Eastern Orthodox Churches celebrate on December 25 by the Julian calendar, which currently corresponds to January 7 on the Gregorian calendar. These dates are merely traditional; the great majority of scholars agree that the actual birthdate of Jesus is unknown. In Western culture, the holiday is characterized by the exchange of gifts among friends and family members, some of the gifts being attributed to Santa Claus (also known as Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, Saint Basil and Father Frost). However, various local and regional Christmas traditions are still practiced, despite the widespread influence of American, British and Australian Christmas motifs disseminated by film, popular literature, television, and other media.

CONTENTS:

Christmas
– Contents
– History
– – Origin of holiday
– – Medieval Christmas and related winter festivals
– – The Reformation and modern times
– The Nativity
– Other dates of celebration
– Regional customs and celebrations
– – Santa Claus and other bringers of gifts
– – – Timing of gifts
– – Declaration of Christmas Peace
– – Decorations
– – Social aspects and entertainment
– – Christmas carol media
– Christmas in the arts and media
– Economics of Christmas
– See also
– References
Christmas Day (Trading) Act 2004
Christmas Seal
Christmas creep
Christmas in the media
– Christmas movies and videos
– Television and Christmas
– Christmas on the radio
Christmas season
– See also
Festive ecology
– Contents
– Christmas
– Dressing the Arbor Tree, Aston-on-Clun, Shropshire, England
– References
– Further reading
Happy Holiday(s)
Nativity Fast
Nine Lessons and Carols
– Contents
– King’s College, Cambridge
– Order of Service
– External link
Noel
– See also
– References
SantaCon
– Contents
– Santarchy around the world
– Santarchy and the law
– In popular culture
Secret Santa
– A typical Secret Santa
– Variation: Thieving Secret Santa
– References in popular culture
Secularization of Christmas
– Contents
– Incorporating secular or pagan elements into Christmas
– – Protestantism
– – 19th century
– – Early 20th century
– Claims of Christmas censorship
– – Contemporary United States
– See also
– Organizations
– References
– Notes
White Christmas
Xmas
Christmas characters
Santa Claus
– Contents
– Overview
– Historical origins
– Santa Claus in popular culture
– – Santa Claus rituals
– – Ho, ho, ho
– – Santa Claus reindeers’ name
– – Santa Claus on film
– Christian opposition to Santa Claus
– See also
– References
Origins of Santa Claus
– Contents
– – Ancient Christian origins
– – Germanic folklore
– – Modern origins
– – American origins
– – Other possible origins
– See also
Santa Claus rituals
– Contents
– – Christmas Eve rituals
– – Letter writing
– – Websites and e-mail
– – Songs
– – “Santa Claus” in shopping malls
Santa Claus on film
– Contents
– – Origins in film
– – Questioning and believing
– – Santa as a hero
– – Succession of Santas
– – Impostor Santas
Christmas gift-bringers around the world
– Contents
– Christmas gift-bringers around the world
– – Europe and North America
– – Latin America
– – East Asia
– – Central Asia
– – Africa and the Middle East
– – Oceania
Biblical Magi
– Contents
– The nature of the magi
– – Names
– – Tombs
– The gifts of the magi
– Herod
– The birthplace
– – The star of Bethlehem
– – The Bethlehem prophecy
– Religious significance
– – Traditions of the Epiphany
– The Magi depicted in art
– See also
– Cultural References
– References
Caganer
Christkind
– See also
Companions of Saint Nicholas
– Contents
– Appearance
– Tales
– Traditions
– Historical accounts
– Modern perspective
– Controversy
– References
– Literature
Ded Moroz
– Contents
– History
– Regional differences
– – ex-USSR
– – Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro
– – Slovenia
– – Poland
– – Germany
– – Tatar
– See also
– References
Dzied Maroz
– See also
Elf
– Contents
– Characteristics of Traditional Elves
– – Elves in Norse mythology
– – Scandinavian elves
– – German elves
– – English elves
– Modern elves
– – Elves at Christmas
– – Elves in modern fantasy
– – Elves in psychedelic experience
– References
– See also
Father Christmas
– References
– See also
Joulupukki
– Trivia
– Joulupukki’s Dark Side?
– See also
Julemanden
Kris Kringle
– Related uses
La Befana
Mos Gerila
– References
Mr. Bingle
– History
– Mr. Bingle in Tennessee
Mrs. Claus
– Contents
– Origin of Mrs. Claus
– Depictions in popular media
– – Movies
– – Television
– See also
Saint Nicholas
– Contents
– Nicholas the clergyman
– – Bishop Nicholas at the First Ecumenical Council
– – Abduction of his relics
– The face of the historical saint
– Deeds and miracles attributed to Saint Nicholas
– Formal veneration of the saint
– In iconography
– Saint Nicholas the festive gift-giver
– – Celebration in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary and Luxembourg
– – Celebration in the Netherlands
– – Celebration in Belgium
– – Celebration in France
– – Celebration in Portugal
– – Benjamin Britten cantata
– Metamorphosis in Demre
– See also
Olentzero
– Appearance
Pere Noel
Santa Claus’ reindeer
– Contents
– Origins
– The reindeer
– – Original eight
– – – Sleigh order
– – – Descriptions
– – – Meaning of names
– – Additional reindeer since the writing of the poem
– – – Rudolph (the red-nosed reindeer)
– – – Robbie (Rudolph’s son)
– – – Olive, the Other Reindeer
– See also
– References
Tio de Nadal
– See also
Tomte
– Contents
– Appearance
– Temperament
– The heathen tomte
– Similar folklore
– The modern tomte
– See also
– References
– External link
Yule Goat
– See also
Yule Lads
Christmas movie
– List of Christmas movies
– Movies set during the Christmas season
Christmas television special
– American television
– British television
– Examples of American Christmas television specials
Christmas food
– Contents
– Belgium
– Canada
– Czech Republic
– Denmark
– Finland
– France
– Germany
– Italy
– Japan
– Lithuania
– New Zealand
– Norway
– Poland
– Serbia
– Spain
– Sweden
– United Kingdom
– United States
– Venezuela
Bebinca
– External link
Bethmannchen
Brandy butter
– Description
– Trivia
Bredela
Buche de Noel
Bunuelo
Bunuelos
Candy cane
– Urban legends about the origin of candy canes
– Other uses
Cesnica
Christmas cake
– Christmas cake in other countries
– References
Christmas cookies
– See also
Christmas ham
Christmas pudding
– Contents
– Basics
– The wish and other traditions
– After Christmas
– See also
Cranberry sauce
– Cranberry Trivia
Eggnog
Folar
Fritule
Fruitcake
– Contents
– History
– Fruitcake in popular culture
– See also
Ganzeltopf
Gingerbread
Glogg
Hallaca
– Contents
– Origins
– Tradition
– Preparation
– Culture
– Notes
Joulupoyta
Julmust
Kalach
– Ukrainian tradition
Knack
– Recipe
Kutia
– General recipe
Lebkuchen
Lefse
Lutefisk
– Contents
– General
– – Preparation
– – Cooking
– – Eating
– Origin
– – Inception
– – Traces in literature
– Misconception of Norwegians and lutefisk
– Lutefisk humor
– Other
– Spellings
– Notes
Marzipan
– Contents
– Recipe
– History
– Etymology
– Trivia
Mince pie
– Contents
– Description
– History
– Folklore and Traditions
– Variations
– Trivia
– References
– Notes
Mincemeat tart
Mulled wine
– See also
Oplatek
Pandoro
– History
Panettone
– Contents
– Origins
– Panettone leaves Italy
Pfeffernusse
Pinnekjott
Pio Quinto
Portuguese sweet bread
– See also
Queso de bola
– See also
Reveillon
– Food
– Differences
Rice pudding
– Types of Rice Pudding
– – East Asia
– – South Asia
– – Middle East
– – Europe
– – Latin America
– – North America
– History
– Rice pudding in folklore
– Rice pudding in literature
Romeritos
Rum ball
– Recipe
Rumtopf
Smalahove
– How to eat smalahove
Sorpotel
Spritzgeback
Stollen
– Contents
– History
– Stollen today
– See also
Sugar plum
– The Sugar Plum Tree
– References
Szaloncukor
Tamale
– Contents
– Tamales in Latin America
– Tamales in the United States
– Tamales in the Caribbean
Tourtiere
– Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
Trifle
Turron
Twelve-dish Christmas Eve supper
Vanillekipferl
Wassail
– Contents
– History
– Recipes
– Other uses and similarities
Yule log
Christmas-linked holidays
Black Friday
– Contents
– Origin
– Response (Buy Nothing Day)
– Workers
– Controversy
– See also
Boxing Day
– Contents
– Origins
– Commonwealth observance
– European observance
– Canadian observance
– Trivia
– References
Boxing Week
Chrismahanukwanzakah
– See also
Chrismukkah
– See also
Christmas Eve
– Declaration of Christmas Peace
– See also
Christmas Sunday
Distaff day
Epiphany
– Contents
– Epiphany in different Christian rites
– – Western Christian Churches (Old World)
– – Western Christian Churches Spain and Ibero-America
– – Eastern Christian Churches
– See also
Handsel Monday
Hogmanay
– Contents
– Origins
– Customs
– Presbyterian Influence
– Ne’erday
– Handsel Day
– Etymology
– References
HumanLight
Night of the Radishes
Posadas
– Contents
– Meaning
– Ritual
– Mexico
Purification of the Virgin
– Contents
– Date
– History
– Relation to non-Christian celebrations
– Traditions and superstitions
– References
Sol Invictus
– Contents
– Elagabalus
– Aurelian
– Constantine
– Sol Invictus and Christianity
– Notes
St. Stephen’s Day
– Contents
– Around the world
– – Ireland
– – Catalonia
– – Republika Srpska
– See also
Twelfth Night
– Contents
– Origins and history
– Traditions
– Influence on Literature
– Modern Esotericism
– See also
– References
Twelve Days of Christmas
– Contents
– Festival
– Christmas carol
– – Structure and lyrics
– – Symbolic interpretation
– – Standard variations
– – Parodies
– – Cost
– References
Twelve Holy Days
– See also
– References
Winterval
– Contents
– Birmingham controversy
– [edit] See also
Christmas music
– Contents
– List of Christmas songs
– – General Christmas songs
– – Best known by one particular artist
– – Not intended as a Christmas song
– Christmas albums
– – Christmas songs introduced in movies and other popular media
– French language Christmas songs
– German language Christmas songs
– Occitan language Christmas songs
– Swedish language Christmas songs
Christmas carol
– Media
– See also
List of Christmas carols
– Well known carols
– Popular Christmas songs that are not considered carols
Charity record
Christmas traditions
Advent calendar
– See also
Advent wreath
American Christmas traditions
– Contents
– Introduction
– Traditions
– – Christmas tree
– – Santa Claus
– – Nativity scene
– – Christmas card
– – Christmas carol
– – Christmas gift
– – Christmas lights
– – Television and movies
– See also
Ashen faggot
– See also
Christmas Bird Count
– Contents
– History
– Methods
– Participation
Bracebridge dinner
Bubble light
– Patents
Christmas card
– Contents
– History
– The Christmas card list
– Christmas letters
– Variants on the concept
– Charity
Carols by Candlelight
– Contents
– History
– Events
– Broadcast
Christmas cracker
– History
Christmas customs in Poland
– See also
Christmas customs in Romania
– See also
Christmas customs in the Philippines
– Contents
– Misa de Gallo (Dec. 16-24)
– Christmas Eve
– Christmas Day
– Niños Inocentes
– New Year’s Eve (Dec. 31)
– Three Kings (First Sunday of the year)
– Decorations
– – Parol
– – Belen
– Caroling
Christmas dinner
– Contents
– Christmas dinner around the world
– – Australia
– – Austria
– – Canada
– – Eastern Europe
– – Germany
– – Mexico
– – United Kingdom
– – United States
– References
Christmas tree
– Contents
– Dates
– Types of trees used
– – Natural trees
– – Artificial trees
– – – Feather trees
– – – Modern trees
– – – Designer trees
– – – Outdoor trees
– – – Other gimmicks
– – – Environmental issues
– Decoration and ornaments
– – Tree mats and skirts
– – Flocking
– History
– – Name controversy
– – Usage controversy
– See also
Christmas worldwide
– Contents
– Asia
– – India
– – Korea
– – Japan
– – People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Macao
– – Philippines
– – Republic of China (Taiwan)
– The Americas
– – Mexico
– – United States and Canada
– – South America
– Australia
– Europe
– – Central Europe
– – – Czech Republic
– – – Poland
– – – Slovakia
– – Eastern Europe
– – – Romania
– – – Russia
– – Northern Europe
– – – German-speaking areas of Europe
– – – Germany
– – – The Netherlands and Belgium
– – – Sweden
– – – Norway
– – – Finland
– – Southern Europe
– – Ireland
– – The UK
– Africa
– – Nigeria
– See also
Christmastime greetings
– Contents
– History
– – Merry / Happy Christmas
– References
– See also
Festival of Trees
Garland
German Christmas traditions
– Contents
– Introduction
– Tannenbaum
– St. Nicholas
– Food and drink
– Three Magi
– See also
Grand Illumination
– Trivia
– See also
Hanukkah bush
– Notes
Holiday Trail of Lights
Hollywood Christmas Parade
– History
– Grand Marshals
– Sources
Koleda
– See also
Koledari
Kucios
Christmas lights
– Contents
– History
– Types
– Sizes
– Sets
– Ornamentation
– Safety
– Outdoor displays
– Light sculptures
– Other holidays
– Trivia
Christmas Market
– See also
National Christmas Tree
– See also
Nativity scene
Nutcracker
– Decorative
– Functional
Christmas ornament
– Notes
– See also
Pagan beliefs surrounding Christmas
– Contents
– Jesus’ birth
– – Why do people celebrate Jesus’ birth on December 25?
– Traditions
– – Kissing under mistletoe
– – The Christmas tree
– – Yule log
– Bibliography
Pasterka
Christmas pickle
Pumpkin pie
Rich’s Great Tree
– See also
Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree
– See also
Royal Christmas Message
– Contents
– History
– Messages by year
– – The 1995 Christmas Message (BBC)
– – The 1996 Christmas Message (BBC)
– – The 1997 Christmas Message (ITN)
– – The 2001 Christmas Message (ITN)
– – The 2003 Christmas Message (ITN)
– – The 2004 Christmas Message (BBC)
– – – Reaction
– – The 2005 Christmas Message (ITN)
– Alternative Christmas message
– – List of Alternative Message Presenters
– – 2004 Alternative Message
– – 2005 Alternative Message
– Elsewhere
Santa Claus parade
– History
– Notable parades
– See also
Santa’s Grotto
Santon
Christmas stamp
– Contents
– History
– Designs
– Usage
– Collecting
– Other holiday stamps
– References
Christmas stocking
Striezelmarkt
– Contents
– – Features of today’s Striezelmarkt
– – Wooden Ornaments
– – Food and drink
Toronto Santa Claus Parade
Tree topper
Christmas village
Wassailing
– The Traditional Wassail Ceremony
Wigilia
License
GNU Free Documentation License
– GNU Free Documentation License
Index
– Christmas
About the author
– Nicolae Sfetcu
– – Contact
Publishing House
– MultiMedia Publishing

About Christmas

Heavy Water: A School of Romanian Scientific and Technological Research, a Paradigm in Kuhn’s Sense

Sfetcu, Nicolae, “Heavy Water: A School of Romanian Scientific and Technological Research, a Paradigm in Kuhn’s Sense “, in MultiMedia (March 10, 2023), MultiMedia Publishing, DOI:, ISBN: 978-606-033-789-8, https://www.telework.ro/en/e-books/heavy-water-a-school-of-romanian-scientific-and-technological-research-a-paradigm-in-kuhns-sense/   From the position of a simple employee of the Drobeta … Read More

The post Heavy Water: A School of Romanian Scientific and Technological Research, a Paradigm in Kuhn’s Sense appeared first on MultiMedia.

About Cats

About CatsA guide for the cat lovers about the cat behavior, cat attractants, cat breeds, cat health and food, type of cats, cats as pets, fictional cats, films about cats, historical cats. A book full with pictures of the most important cat breeds, tips and advice for cat behavior, cat diseases and how to take care of the cats.

The cat, also called the domestic cat or house cat, is a small feline carnivorous mammal of the subspecies Felis silvestris catus. Its most immediate pre-domestication ancestor is the African wild cat, Felis silvestris lybica. The cat has been living in close association with humans for at least 3,500 years; the Ancient Egyptians routinely used cats to keep mice and other rodents (mostly rats) away from their grain (and also believed that cats were sacred to the goddess Bastet). The history of the domestic cat may stretch back even further, as 8,000-year-old bones of humans and cats were found buried together on the island of Cyprus.

CONTENS:

Cat
– Characteristics
– – Physical
– – Senses
– – – Sight
– – – Hearing
– – – Smell
– – – Touch
– – – Taste
– – Communication
– – Hunting and diet
– – Hygiene
– – – Declawing
– – Environment
– Reproduction and genetics
– Domestication
– – Feral cats
– – Environmental issues
– Scientific classification
– Varieties of domestic cat
– History and mythology
– References
– See also
– Purebred
– See also
– Animal Communication
– Intraspecies vs. interspecies communication
– Interspecies communication
– – Prey to predator
– – Predator to prey
– – Symbiotic species
– – Human/animal communication
– Intraspecies communication
– – Forms of communication
– – Functions of communication
– – Evolution of communication
– Communication and understanding
– Animal communication and human behaviour
– Animal communication and linguistics
– BIKECAT
– Introduction
– BIKECAT’s characteristics
– BIKECAT’s increased popularity
– – Origins of his nickname
– – What users think of him
– His pictures
– See also
– Black Cat
– Historical associations
– Witchcraft
– Cat Coat Genetics
– Genes involved in albinism, dominant white, and white spotting
– Genes involved in orange, black, brown, and diluted colors
– Genes involved in fur pattern and shading
– How breeders can identify and separate tabby genes
– Genes involved in fur length and texture
– See also
– Cat Deterrent
– – Lion Dung
– – Citrus deterrents
– – Ultrasonic device
– – Electric fencing
– Cat Hoarding
– References
– Cat Show
– Registering bodies
– See also
– Catgirl
– List of catgirl characters
– Cats in Ancient Egypt
– Cats in other religions
– Cats in everyday life in Ancient Egypt
– Cats in Egyptian mythology
– Bubastis and the Cult of the Cat
– Funerary traditions
– The decline of cat-worship
– References
– See also
– Felis
– Felis Britannica
– Feral Cat Colony
– Colonies often considered a nuisance
– “Managed” colonies
– Breeds arising from feral cat colonies
– Fédération Internationale Féline
– Kitten
– Birth and development
– Caring for domestic kittens
– Perceptions of cuteness
– See also
– Pedigree
– See also
– Points (Coat Color)
– Breeds with points
– Purr
– How felines purr
– – Historical theories
– Why felines purr
– Other examples of purring
– References
– Selective Breeding
– Selective Breeding Methods
– – Closed vs. open studbook
– – Crossbreeding and backbreeding
– Purebred Cats, Dogs and the Debate over ‘Breed Purity’
– Purebreds
– Show
– See also
– Show Cat
– See also
– Taboo Food and Drink
– Pets
– – Cats
– References
– Taurine
– Chemistry
– Physiology and Pharmacology
– Uses
– Winged Cat
– Historical Winged Cats
– Feline Cutaneous Asthenia
– Veterinary Reports
– Winged Cats in Popular Culture
Cat Behavior
Cat Body Language
– Some subtle Anthropomorphisms
Catfight
– In Popular Culture
Evening Crazies
Socialization
– Cats
Cat Attractants
Dihydroactinidiolide
Nepeta
– Effects on cats
Nepetalactone
Cat Breeds
– See also
List of Cat Breeds
– Longhair and semi-longhair
– Shorthair
– Breeds with unusual physical features
– External References
Abyssinian
– Abyssinian Cat
– Famous Abyssinians
American Bobtail
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
American Curl
– American Curl
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
American Shorthair
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
American Wirehair
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– References
Angora
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Notes
Australian Mist
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Bahraini Dilmun Cat
Balinese
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Bengal Cat
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– New Developments
Birman
– Alternative Names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Bombay
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Origins
– Characteristics
– Personality
British Longhair
British Shorthair
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Breed Description
– Origin
– Temperament
– Care
Burmese
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Burmilla
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Chantilly/Tiffany cat
California Spangled Cat
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Chartreux
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Chausie
Chinchilla Longhair
Cornish Rex
– Common Nicknames
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Origin
Cymric
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Notes
Devon Rex
– Common nickname
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Don Sphynx
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Egyptian Mau
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Popular Culture
– References
European Shorthair
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Exotic Cat
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Known movie apparition
– Appearance
– Description
– Character
– Care and grooming
Foldex Cat
Foreign White
Havana Brown
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– References
Himalayan
– Trivia
Japanese Bobtail
– History
– General
Javanese
– Breed standards (external links)
Korat
– Alternative names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
LaPerm
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– LaPerm Breed Profile
– History
– Description
– LaPerms in the UK
Maine Coon
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Origin
– Physical characteristics
– Behavioral characteristics
– Health considerations
Manx
– Common nicknames:
– Country of origin:
– Breed standards (external links):
– Origin
– Other Tailless Cats
– Tail length
– Health
– – Manx Syndrome
– Personality
– Coat
– Trivia
– See also
– Reference
Minx
– Minx
– Mynx
Munchkin
– Genetics
Nebelung
Neva Masquerade
Norwegian Forest Cat
– Alternative names
– Common nickname
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Countries introduced
Ocicat
Ojos Azules
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Notes
– References
Oriental Longhair
Oriental Shorthair
– Country of origin
– Alternative Names
– Breed standards (external links)
– Description
– Origins
– Oriental Shorthairs as pets
Oriental Cat
Persian
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Peterbald
Pixie-Bob
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Breed Description
– – Physical characteristics
– – Temperament
– Breed history
– Other information
Ragamuffin
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– General Description
– History
– – Mrs. Ann Baker
– Color forms
– Personality
Ragdoll
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– History
– Characteristics
Rex Cat
– See also
Russian Blue
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Notes
Savannah
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Generations
– Characteristics
– Behaviors
– Care
Scottish Fold
Selkirk Rex
Serengeti Cat
Siamese
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Variations
– Famous Siamese cats
Colorpoint Shorthair
Siberian
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Singapura
– Alternate Names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Snowshoe
Sokoke
– Alternative Names
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Somali
– Nicknames
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Sphynx
Sterling
Tonkinese
– Common nickname
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– References
Toyger
Turkish Angora
– Alternative name
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Physical characteristics
– Behavioral Characteristics
– History
Turkish Van
– Common Nickname
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
– Notes
– Characteristics
– Breed standards
– Preservation
– Origins
– Vans as pets
York Chocolate Cat
– Country of origin
– Breed standards (external links)
Cat Health
Cat Anatomy
Pectoral Muscles
– Pectoantibranchialis
– Pectoralis major
– Pectoralis minor
– Xiphihumeralis
Accessory Muscles of the Scapula
– Levator Scapulae Ventralis
– Teres Major
– Teres Minor
Latissimus Dorsi
– Training
Deltoid Muscles
– Acromiodeltoid
– Spinodeltoid
– Clavodeltoid (Clavobranchialis; Cleidobranchialis)
Multifidus Spinae
Sacrospinalis
– Sacrospinalis muscle
– Semispinalis
– Longissimus
– Iliocostalis
– Details From Gray’s Anatomy
– – Iliocostalis
– – Longissimus
– – Spinalis
Deeper Muscles of the Neck and Back
– Rhomboideus
– Rhomboideus capitis
– Splenius
– Serratus Ventralis
– Serratus Dorsalis
– Intercostals
Integumental Muscles
Abdominal Muscles
– External Oblique
– Internal Oblique
– Transversus Abdominis
– Rectus Abdominis
– See also
Bordetella
Cerebellar Hypoplasia
Cheyletiellosis
– Cheyletiella species
– References
Corneal Ulcer
– Corneal anatomy of the dog and cat
– Corneal healing
– Superficial and deep corneal ulcers
– – Diagnosis
– – Treatment
– Refractory corneal ulcers
– – Treatment
– Melting ulcers
– Corneal ulcers in cats
– References
Coronavirus
– Diseases of coronavirus
– SARS
– Recent discoveries of novel human coronaviruses
– Species
– References
Diabetes
– Symptoms
– Treatment
– – Diet
– – Pills
– – Insulin injections
– – Neuropathy in cats
– Dosage and regulation
– – Blood sugar guidelines
– – Detecting and avoiding chronic somogyi rebound
– Hypoglycemic episode
– Remission in cats
Ear Mite
– Contagion
– Consequences of infection
Feline Panleukopenia
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Feline Infectious Peritonitis
– Transmission and infection
– Symptoms
– – Effusive (wet)
– – Non-effusive (dry)
– Diagnosis
– Treatment
Feline Leukemia Virus
– Transmission
– Progression
– Viral structure
– Comparison with FIV
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
– Symptoms
– Causes
– Treatment
– Further Reading
Fibrosarcoma
– ICD-10
– Pathology
– Fibrosarcoma in dogs and cats
– – Reference
Flea
– Life Cycle
Great Muscles of the Head
– Masseter
– Temporalis
Hairball
Heart Valve Dysplasia
– References
Heartworm
– History of the disease
– – Heartworm in North America
– The parasite
– Course of infestation
– Symptoms of infestation
– Epidemiology
– Testing
– Treatment
– Prevention
– Human health considerations
– Resources and external links
Hip Dysplasia
– Description
– Causes
– Detection
– Prevention
– Symptoms
– Treatment
– References
Hyperthyroidism
– ICD-10
– ICD-9
– Causes
– Signs and symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment
– – Surgery
– – Radioiodine
– – Thyrostatics
– Veterinary medicine
– See also
Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
– ICD-10
– ICD-9
– OMIM
– MedlinePlus
– eMedicine
– DiseasesDB
– The disease in humans
– – Symptoms
– – Treatment
– – Causes
– The disease in dogs
– The disease in cats
– References
Luxating Patella
– References
Lymphoma in Animals
– Lymphoma in dogs
– – Classification
– – Symptoms
– – Diagnosis
– – Treatment
– – Prognosis
– Lymphoma in cats
– – Symptoms
– – Treatment and prognosis
– Lymphoma in ferrets
– References
Mastocytoma
– Symptoms
– Diagnosis
– Treatment and prognosis
– Mast cell tumors in cats
– References
Onychectomy
Parvovirus
Polyneuropathy
– Most common types of polyneuropathy
– References
Protothecosis
– Reference
Rabies
– ICD-10
– ICD-9
– Transmission and symptoms
– The virus
– Prevention
– – Post-exposure prophylaxis
– – Pre-exposure prophylaxis
– Prevalence
– Recently publicised cases
– – Transmission by animal bites
– – Transmission through organ transplants
– Transport of pet animals between countries
– Rabies and domestic skunks in the United States
Raw Feeding
Spaying and Neutering
– Household pets
– Modern Non-surgical Alternatives
– – Injectable
– – Other Methods
– Females (spaying)
– – Terms for the spayed
– Males (neutering)
– – Terms for the neutered
– References
Tick
– Characteristics
– Ticks as disease vectors
– Location
– Facts
– Life cycle
– – Deer (black-legged) tick
– – – Larva
– – – Nymph
– – – Adult
– References
Trapezius Muscles
– Clavotrapezius
– Acromiotrapezius
– Spinotrapezius
Cat Types
American Keuda
Asian Semi-Longhair
Bicolor Cat
– Gallery of bicolour “Tuxedo” cats
Domestic Longhair Cat
Domestic Shorthaired Cat
– See also
Farm Cat
Feral Cat
– In the United States
– In Australia
– In Rome
– Feral cats and island restoration
– Activism
– References
Maltese Cat
Moggy
Tabby Cat
– Tabby colors and patterns
– Gallery of tabby types
Tortoiseshell Cat
– See also
– References
Tuxedo Cat
– See also
Ussuri
– Conformation
– Color & Pattern
Cats as Pets
Animal Euthanasia
– Morality Debate
Animal Shelter
Cat Flap
Cat Food
– Ingredients of Cat Food
– Forms of Commercial Cat Food
– Cat Food Nutrient Profiles
– Cat food brands
– References
– Further Information
Cat Litter
– Conventional litter
– Clumping litter
– Silica gel litter
– Biodegradable litter
– Litter for dogs
Litter Box
Operation Kindness
– Mission
– Programs and services
– – Adoptions
– – Spay/Neuter
– – Habitat for Hounds
– – Education
– – Nursing Home Visits
– Donations
Scratching Post
Fictional Cats
– Legendary, mythological and fairytale cats
– Cats and felines in literature
– T. S. Eliot Cats
– Cats in books by Andre Norton
– Cats and felines in plays
– Cats and felines in film
– Cats and felines in television
– Cats and felines in animation, comics and puppetry
– Cats in electronic/video games
– Cats in song
– Cats in science
– Cats and felines on the Internet and in IT
– See also
Cats and Dogs
– Working titles
– Credits
– – Cast
– – – Voice only
– Synopsis
Cheshire Cat
– Quotes
Felix the Cat
– Creation
– Unprecedented popularity
– – Felix as mascot
– From silent to sound
– The cat’s comeback
– References
Tom and Jerry
– Plot and format
– Characters
– – Thomas “Tom” Cat (a.k.a. Jasper) and Gerald “Jerry” Mouse (a.k.a. Jinx)
– – Other characters
– History and evolution
– – The Hanna-Barbera years
– – The Gene Deitch era
– – The Chuck Jones era
– – Tom and Jerry hit television
– – Tom & Jerry’s new owners
– – Censorship
– Post-Golden Age Cartoons
– Feature films
– Other formats
– Tom and Jerry in foreign countries
– The Oscar-winning shorts
– References
– Trivia
History of Cats
– Ancient Egypt
– Vikings
– Middle Ages
– Asia
– Islam
– Europe
– Modern times
List of Historical Cats
– Cats famous in their own right
– Pets of famous people
– – Famous pets of Presidents and their families
– – Famous pets of other famous people
– – Unnamed
– Wild cats

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